By M. Powell Lawton PhD, Jeanne A. Teresi EdD PhD
This quantity evaluates various evaluate measures with reference to older adults. The professional members tackle themes equivalent to evaluation of wellbeing and fitness, practical incapacity (ADLs), psychological agility, getting older and character, melancholy, and discomfort. whereas the tools themselves are available from different resources, this e-book discusses the suitability, strengths, and weaknesses of varied measures and gives present info at the quickly altering, cutting-edge overview expertise.
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Extra info for Annual Review of Gerontology and Geriatrics, Volume 14, 1994: Focus on Assessment Techniques
She points out that the "rosy" response bias (in assessing environments) which was frequently attributed to aging was actually present to some degree in younger cohorts as well. This points up a possible danger in studying only tails of the age distribution: In the absence of comparative data from younger groups, a distorted view about characteristics of older cohorts may result. Such possible distortion is a major point of discussion in chapter 9 by Aldwin and Levenson. They point out that many personality measures are constructed using college-aged individuals; items may not be relevant to the experiences of older individuals.
Staples, R, & Lopez-Aqueres, W. (1987). Epidemiology of depression and dysphoria in our elderly Hispanic population—prevalence and correlates. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 35, 920-926. Kenny, D. , & Zautra, A. (in press). The Trait-state-error (TSE) model for multi-wave data. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. , Staples, R, & Brummel-Smith, K. (1984). Health needs of the Hispanic elderly. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 32, 191-198. Lord, F, M, (1980). Applications of item response theory to practical test problems.
She argues for the use of cutting scores, which are, indeed, important for comparison purposes; however, in screening cases for clinic referral, it may be necessary to adjust the score based on the characteristics of the population screened. If a person presents with specific symptoms to a clinic and reports a history of disorder, it makes assessment easier; however, if the person is presenting for the first time or is observed in a community setting, assessment is much more difficult. , personality or social supports) for which there may be few normative data and, thus, no expected distribution of the trait or state.