Pediatrics

Acquired Neurological Speech Language Disorders In Childhood by Bruce E. Murdoch

By Bruce E. Murdoch

The long-held trust that bought aphasia in young ones is basically of the non-fluent variety has been challenged in recent times. This publication discusses language difficulties bobbing up from cerebro-vascular injuries taking place in formative years, and from different

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Example text

This latter subject presented with a global language and reading disorder. Since the collection of the data, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) also has shown this subject to have bilateral brain damage, including a small white matter lesion in the right frontal lobe which had not been detected previously by a computed tomographic (CT) scan. VIQ=79, PIQ=118). Other subjects with clinical reading and spelling problems also presented with language and verbal memory problems. e. the more reading was established) at the time of the lesion the more specific was the resultant reading disorder.

I’ll tell my parents about what has gone on at school. I will tell her I’m hungry’). g. g. ‘Because today is rainy and wet’) perhaps suggesting a semantic rather than syntactic impairment. A series of studies by Aram and co-workers are the only ones reported which have systematically looked at productive syntactic skills in children with unilateral brain lesions. It should be noted, however, that most of Aram’s subjects acquired brain lesions early in life, before they began talking. Their reasons for this claim was the observation of significant differences between the syntactical abilities of appropriately matched controls and children with left hemisphere lesions and between children with either left or right hemisphere lesions.

Another subject, an 11-yearold, also had normal school performance 18 months after the closed head injury; immediately after the injury, she was able only to write simple words. Her reading initially was unintelligible because of neologisms. Case studies reported in the literature also describe written language problems associated with subcortical lesions in children. Ferro et al. Writing showed spatial dysgraphia and poor handwriting skills. Another subject who presented with oral language deficits and written language problems following a subcortical cerebrovascular accident was reported by Aram et al.

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