World Literature

A History of Russian Symbolism by Ronald E. Peterson

By Ronald E. Peterson

The period of Russian Symbolism (1892-1917) has been known as the Silver Age of Russian tradition, or even the second one Golden Age. Symbolist authors are one of the maximum Russian authors of this century, and their actions helped to foster some of the most major advances in cultural lifestyles (in poetry, prose, song, theater, and portray) that has ever been obvious there. This ebook is designed to function an advent to Symbolism in Russia, as a move, a creative technique, and an international view. the first emphasis is at the historical past of the stream itself. recognition is dedicated to what the Symbolists wrote, acknowledged, and proposal, and on how they interacted. during this context, the most actors are the authors of poetry, prose, drama, and feedback, yet house is usually dedicated to the $64000 connections among literary figures and artists, philosophers, and the intelligentsia generally. This large, designated and balanced account of this era will function a customary reference paintings an motivate extra study between students and scholars of literature.

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The First Wave Continues In Merezhkovsky's next book of verse, New Poems, 1891-1895, there were noticeable tendencies toward decadence and Nietzsche's philosophical tenets, and away from a more traditional Christian point of view. During the last half of the 1890s, Merezhkovsky found much to admire in the ancient cultures of Greece and Rome, including paganism. He saw the eras of cultural flowering there as calmer and more harmonious times, and these 28 A HISTORY OF RUSSIAN SYMBOLISM aspects of ancient religions and philosophies attracted him.

33 One poet of the second rank who did not balance his decadent tendencies in literature is Aleksandr Dobrolyubov, who dropped out of literature at this time and by 1898 had begun to wander over Russia as a religious zealot. He "preached" silence and even had his own followers, called Dobrolyubovians. 34 Blok's retrospective title for his poetry of this period, Ante Lucem, is appropriate as well for the years 1896-98 in the Symbolist movement. In these three years the movement still did not come fully into the light, as it would in the next period, up through 1903.

Similar to his earlier statements about the decline of Russian literature, this study caused others in the intelligentsia to question their own assumptions about these two authors and the general direction of Russian literature at the end of the century. " The Religious-Philosophical Meetings and Novyi Puf In late 1898-early 1899, both Merezhkovsky and Hippius committed themselves to a strong faith in Christian tenets; they formed a "movement" that has at times been called the "God-seekers" (Bogoiskateli in Russian) or simply "the cause" (delo), this latter name is used in Hippius' diaries.

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